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中華民國史二十五:北伐序幕  

2017-03-15 10:06:43|  分类: 史傳 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1926515日,在得到鮑羅廷支持後,應蔣介石的要求召開了國民黨二屆二中全會,至520日,通過了《整理黨務案》:國民黨內的共產黨員不得批判三民主義,共產黨員不得擔任部長級職務,國民黨員擅自加入共產黨者一律開除黨籍;成立國共兩黨聯席會議,莫斯科給中共的指示必須向聯席會議公開;中共必須交出在國民黨內的共產黨員名單


二屆二中全會唯一令蔣介石不快的是:人人皆知蔣希望由張靜江出任中央執行委員會主席,而第四軍軍長李濟深卻特意推舉已被蔣驅逐的胡漢民出任。


至此,撲朔迷離的「中山艦事件」告一帷幕;自蘇聯滅亡後,所有檔案均已公開,再加上陳獨秀、張國燾等與共產黨決裂的人物的證詞,我們可以確定,無論是蘇俄還是中共,抑或汪精衛,均無企圖將蔣介石誘上中山艦遣送出國的計畫;大陸民國史專家、蔣介石的忠實擁躉楊天石先生,認定這是一場誤會,系西山會議派、孫文主義學會成員從中作祟,蔣氏誤中其圈套耳。


就我個人而言,我更願意相信,這場大戲的導演就是蔣介石本人,汪精衛若不出走交出全部權力,恐有殺身之禍。無論如何,從廖仲愷遇刺身亡到中山艦事變,國民黨內能壓制蔣介石的胡漢民、汪精衛、許崇智、廖仲愷,或身亡,或被放逐,短短的八個月,蔣先生從黨內二流人物一躍而為唯一的核心,令人歎為觀止。


即使真的如蔣介石所說,中山艦事變是中共陰謀奪權發動的兵變,難道如何鎮壓變亂,蔣介石不應該先行向身為國民政府主席、軍事委員會主席、中央政治委員會主席的汪精衛請示定奪嗎?即使是汪精衛要罷免蔣介石,難道因為長官要免你的職,你就發動武裝叛亂?蔣介石這樣的人,如果不是軍閥,怎樣才算軍閥?


借用李宗仁的一段評價:中山艦事變的內幕情形如何,固不得而知,而蔣氏發動政變,以打擊共產黨始,以排擠汪兆銘終,則為千古不易的史實。汪氏既除,蔣氏重表示左傾,與共產黨、俄顧問攜手以打擊正在為其反共政變喝采的西山派,斥之為反革命。蔣氏如此亦左亦右的手法,並非由於其政治觀點的改變,事實上只是其個人的權術,以虛虛實實的姿態排除異己,以達其個人獨裁的墓m蝒="st^點11sizer術,以虛蘰人祍tyle="c 蔲amily: PMia11" 莍al;⺈所為兓因其權勢炙手可煛對渠無可奈何而已gin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;" >借用李宗仁的一段評價:中山艦事變礱rgin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;" >借用李宗仁的一段n: 0cm 0cm 0pt;" >

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